Rabies was caused by the exposure of saliva and nervous tissue from the rabid affected animals.
Rabies is affected to humans by the bite of the rabid animals. Other than bite, it is very rare to get rabies from the open wound or from saliva of the infected animal. It has the possibilities to be affected.
Low and No Possibilities
If you had bite from your pet or any animal that is undergoing rabid treatment or the animal is vaccinated you will not get rabid.
If you have contact with saliva, blood, urine of these animals it will not be affected.
If the virus is exposed to the sunlight and it dries out it will be noninfectious.
If you eat raw meat of the affected animals or drinking unboiled (raw) milk of the rabid animals there is a high risk of getting affected by rabid.
If the unknown animal bites you there is high risk in getting affected.
If you have bitten by the unknown dog, you should immediately wash your bitten area by soap water then apply antiseptic cream and good to consult your doctor immediately.
How to Prevent?
It is always better to prevent rabies to your pet. Prevent it by vaccinating your dog.
If you are in contact of any animals that is affected by rabid, it is better to take preventive vaccine.
Blood test should be taken in regular intervals if you are in regular contact with the animals affected by the rabid.
If you are bitten by the dog or any animals, first wash the injured area thoroughly with soap water and apply the antiseptic ointment. Get clinical help immediately.
The death becomes unavoidable if the person is not medicated after the bite of the infected animal and if the signs of rabies are noted.